Permanent Mission Of The United Arab Emirates To The United Nations in Dubai Directory
History: Beginning in 1820, Great Britain entered into treaties with various leaders in the area out of a desire to protect its ships in the Gulf and the Indian Ocean. In addition, Britain was allowed to handle foreign relations for the area known as the Trucial States because of the Perpetual Maritime Truce which the Arab rulers signed with the British in 1853. The United Arab Emirates became fully independent on 2 December 1971, although Ras al-Khaimah did not join until 1972. Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, Ruler of Abu Dhabi since 1966, was elected first President of the UAE in 1971. Overseas, he has gained a reputation as a sagacious statesman, keen to promote conciliation where possible, but at the same time firm on the side of justice and international law. Geography : In the south and west of the country, the land is mainly sand dunes and salt flats with the occasional traditional desert oasis. The largest oases are in Al Ain, 160km east of Abu Dhabi, and Liwa in the southwest. In the northern part of the country, the sand dunes yield to gravel plains formed by the Hajar Mountain range, dating back about 200 million years. The mountains themselves rise to a height of over 3000 m and extend from the UAE south into Oman. The east coast is essentially a fertile plain where rainfall and subterranean water have allowed agriculture to be practiced for thousands of years. Along the coast, there are long, unspoiled beaches stretching for kilometers. On the Arabian Gulf, over 100 islands and numerous shallow inlets add to the scenery; mangrove trees are common as well as spawning fish and birds.
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